Santa Fe 1 HOA - McCormick Ranch, Scottsdale AZ

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The Resources and Documents sections on this site have a plethora of information critical for residents of Santa Fe 1.

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We are building our Community History section.
We would love to hear your stories about Santa Fe 1. Please email pictures and stories to Sandy Johnson, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
We'll include your information and give you the credit for your submission.

 


Santa Fe 1 - McCormick Ranch - Scottsdale Arizona - A Brief History

Sandy Scaffetta Johnson, Ph.D.


To present the history of Santa Fe 1 in Scottsdale AZ would present an incomplete picture of our community with presenting a history of Scottsdale and a brief history of Arizona itself. So with that in mind, here we go!

Some historians have suggested that the prehistoric archaeological cultural area of the southwestern North America traditions belongs to the Hohokam, which is a Pima word used by archaeologists to identity the culture of those residents of the Sonora Desert. The Hohokam appears to have constructed canals for agricultural needs. Between the 7th and 14th centuries, the Hohokam built and maintained extensive irrigation networks along the lower Salt and middle Gila rivers that archeologists compare to those in ancient Egypt and China.[1]

 

 

 

Arizona is a fairly young State with Arizona organized as a territory on 24 February 1863 and then entered the Union as the 48th state on 14 February 1912. Arizona is also the most populous landlocked state in the United States. The Arizona state bird is the Cactus Wren, the state colors are Federal Blue and old Gold, the state flower is the Saguaro blossom, the state motto is Ditat Deus (Latin for God enriches), the state seal is the Great Seal of the State of Arizona, the state slogan is “Grand Canyon State”, the state songs are “Arizona March Song” by Margaret Rowe Clifford and “Arizona” by Rex Allen, Jr., the state tree is the Blue Palo Verde, and the state gun is the Colt Single Action Army revolver. [

 

 

Arizona’s most popular site is the Grand Canyon which is 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide in some places. The best place in Arizona to begin a journey of the Grand Canyon is Flagstaff. [3] More information on activities in the Grand Canyon can be found on the National Geographic Expeditions site.

Scottsdale Arizona On the Arizona state flag, the thirteen rays on the top half in red and gold represent the first 13 colonies of the Union and the rays of the beautiful western sunsets seen on the Arizona horizon. The red and gold colors of the rays are also the colors carried by Coronado’s Spanish expedition in 1540 as they searched for the Seven Cities of Cibola. The star in the middle of the flag represents the copper produced in Arizona which at one time was the largest in the Nation. The bottom half of the flag is the same Federal Blue as is used on our National flag. [4] brief timeline of Arizona History to Statehood is proved below.

 

 

 

Click  Historical Timeline to view a more detailed timeline up to statehood.

Some general statistics are provided below.

Area of Arizona

Units of Measure

Languages Spoken

Scottsdale AZ
Historical Populations

Total

113,999 sq miles

English

72.58%

Census

Pop

% +/-

Width

310 miles

Spanish

21.57%

1930

1,047

----

Length

400 miles

Navajo

1.54%

1940

2,761

163.7

% water

0.35

Largest Employer

Rank

1950

2,032

-26.4

Latitude

31021’N to 370 N

Scottsdale healthcare

1

1960

10,026

393.4

Longitude

109003’W to 114049’W

Mayo Clinic

2

1970

67,823

576.5

Elevation

General Dynamics

3

1980

88,622

30.7

Highest Point

Humphreys Peak

12,637 ft

SD Unified School Dist

4

1990

130,075

46.8

City of Scottsdale

5

2000

202,705

55.8

Mean

4100 ft

CVS Caremark

6

2010

217,385

7.2

Lowest point

Colorado River/Sonora border, 72 ft

Go Daddy

7

Source: US Bureau of Statistics

Source: Scottsdale 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scottsdale – A Brief History

Scottsdale AZ is a fairly young city in the United State established in 1888 and incorporated in 1951. However, the city area dates back to the Hohokam as discussed in the history of Arizona above. Prior to the European settlements in the mid-1600s. Scottsdale was a Pima Village called Vaṣai S-vaṣonĭ meaning “rotting hay.” Until the 1960s dwellings of the Pimas still existed in the Scottsdale area.

The first business operated by Caucasians was owned by Jack Swilling. Mr. Swilling established the “Swilling Irrigation Canal Company” in 1868. This company utilized and improved upon the canals developed by the ancient Hohokam. In 1888 and 1989 two brothers US Army Chaplain Winfield Scott (in 1988) and George Washington Scott (1899) became the first residents of Scottsdale which was known at that time as “Orangedale” because of the successful citrus productions.

The Scott brothers were farmers, producing citrus fruits, figs, potatoes, peanuts and almonds. They also encouraged others to establish desert farms. Winfield Scott is considered the founding father of Scottsdale. He purchased land through the Desert Land Act. Scott was very successful farming citrus; however a raging flood in 1891 completely destroyed his crops. Scott then began recruiting people to move to the “Orangedale” area. Scott and his wife are pictured on the far right.

There were about 3000 people in the Phoenix area at that time.
In 1894 the town site name was changed to Scottsdale after the founding father. Winfield Scott died in 1910 in a Phoenix hospital from complications from his Civil War wounds.

 

In 1891 the federal officials began rounding up Native American children from nearly 20 tribes statewide, putting them in boarding schools to “Americanize” them. It was considered that schooling was cheaper than war. It took an Act of Congress to close down the schools almost 100 years later in 1990. The building pictured to the left is the school used for the Native American children.

 

The oldest structure in Scottsdale is still standing, the Titus House near Hayden and McDowell road.

The picture at the right was taken in 1892. Frank Titus was a railroad magnate, owned 160 acres
around McDowell and Hayden and raised citrus and horses. The house is located on 1310 North
Hayden Rd.

To view the historical structures currently existing in Scottsdale click Scottsdale Historic Register. There are 22 structures listed on the Register where the earliest structure.

The first schoolhouse was opened in 1897 and by 1909 the student population had outgrown the original one-room schoolhouse. The Scottsdale Grammar School (Little Red School House), was built in 1909. This school was built to accommodate many of the residents who where now moving to the Scottsdale area. To watch a YouTube Video of the history of the Little Red Schoolhouse Click Here.

Winfield Scott and some of the first settlers petitioned the Maricopa County School Board Supervisor to form a school district and from that School District # 48 was established.The new school was used as classrooms, for church services, and for community gatherings.

 

The first store in Scottsdale township was built by J. L. Davis in 1897 on the corner of Brown Avenue and Main Street.

During the 1920s the population of Scottsdale more than doubled. The founders of Scottsdale were conservatives by religious standards and they were very interested in the education of their children as is shown in the school buildings erected in the early years. The first superintendent of Scottsdale School district was L. O. Dross appointed in 1922. The first newspaper, Scottsdale Bulletin was also published by Roy George in 1922. In 1923 Scottsdale High School was built on Indian School road, in 1924 the Methodist Church was established, and in 1928 the Scottsdale Grammar School, known as Loloma School built with the smooth stucco walls and a tile roof. The first nine-hole golf course was built at the Wigwam Resort, and today there are over 120 Phoenix-area golf courses. 1929 was a big year in Phoenix and the 1920s proved to be large growth years for Scottsdale as well.

The first luxury resort, the Ingleside Inn, was built in 1910 and brought golf to the area. During this year
George “Cabbie” Cavalliere came from California to find work on the Arizona Canal. He set up a blacksmith
shop as a tin shed on the edge of town near Second Street and Brown Avenue. Scottsdale didn’t have much
at this time, but it was a beginning. Most of the people were living in tent homes which were part wood and

part tents. Most of the people were farmers at this time. The Baptist Church was formed in 1912.

During World War I, cotton farming soared. Mexican immigrant families were sponsored to help in the
cotton fields and the Tomas Corral family was one of the first to arrive in Scottsdale. Today the Tomas
Corral family still owns downtown’s Los Olivos restaurant, a Scottsdale favorite all these years. During this time,
Pima Indians would tie up their wagons on First Avenue to do business on First Avenue which was called Pima
Plaza at that time. In 1920 the Jokake Inn was built on the property of artist Jessie Benton Evans, and the Inn served as a tearoom and guesthouse. It now stands on the property of The Phoenician Resort. Additionally, during the 1920s excessive flooding occurred and the Army Corp of Engineers suggested cementing the riverbed into a large channel. This was not well received by the founding fathers who chose rather to establish golf courses and parks to route the water differently.[7]

The historic Old Adobe Mission (formerly known as Our Lady of Perpetual Help) was established as Scottsdale’s first Catholic Church in 1933. The church owns the property today and has renovated it in recent years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerial View of Scottsdale in 1935.

 

In 1937, Frank Lloyd Wright, an internationally famous architect, set up shop in Scottsdale.
This gave the community an enormous advantage. Many buildings depict the architectural of
Mr. Wright’s designs. By 1951 Scottsdale moved from a town to a “city,” and much of the growth
is attributed to the influence of Frank Lloyd Wright.[7] One of the most popular tourist attractions
in Arizona is the Taliesin West which was the winter home and school of Frank Lloyd Wright from
1937-1959.

 

Santa Fe 1: The largest planned residential communities in Arizona is the McCormick Ranch located in Scottsdale AZ. In 1942 the land was owned by Merle Chaney. It was sold (160 acres) to Harold Fowler McCormick Jr, a prominent Chicagoan and son of Harold Fowler McCormick. Fowler as the last remaining grandson of John D. Rockefeller. McCormick Jr.’s paternal grandfather, Cyrus McCormick was the inventor of the Reaper which made incredible changes in the methods of harvesting grain throughout the world. Fowler McCormick eventually became the Chairman of the Board at International Harvister (IH). McCormick’s had purchased large amounts of land from Merle Chaney, land which was adjacent to the original McCormick section. The Ranch size eventually grew to approximately 4200 acres and was primarily used to breed Arabian horses.[6] Because of the pleasant winter weather, the McCormick's spent their winters in Scottsdale. Anne McCormick spent much of her time in Scottsdale and primarily managed the Ranch. For Anne McCormick, this was her second marriage. Her first was to James Stillman and they had a son, Guy Stillman who was born in New York City in 1918. Anne and James Stillman eventually divorced and Anne married Fowler McCormick.

In 1949, Anne McCormick made several purchases of horses and cattle. She purchased 25 head of Angus from Barrington Farms in Illinois. She wanted to test the climate to see if the animals could endure the harsh summer heat. Once she determined they could, she shipped more pure bred Angus until she had a total of 350 head. These were some of the finest cattle in the nation used for both show and breeding. The brand used for the cattle is the same brand used by McCormick Ranch today. Anne became interested in Arabian horses and at first she bred an Arabian stallion, Mustafa, with palomino mares.

 

Her interest in Arabian horses increased and she imported Nabour, an Arabian stallion from Poland.
Stories are told that Anne was told that there was no way the Polish owner would sell Nabour.
Anne offered what some thought was an offer too good to reject, she purchased Nabour and

thus began her influence in Scottsdale on the Arabian horse industry. Arabian horses in Scottsdale
are accredited to Anne McCormick and she also helped found the All Arabian Show.

Before Anne McCormick died, she dedicated 100 acres of her property to the City of Scottsdale. The City built the McCormick-Stillman Railroad Park on 40 acres and sold the remaining acres to a developer.
The US Marines and Barry Goldwater contributed to the park expansion.

Upon her death in 1969, the McCormick property of 4236 acres and the animals were sold to Kaiser-Aetna
for $12,100,000. The company sold off 1120 acres and that area is now known as Scottsdale Ranch.
Kaiser-Aetna hired George Fretz, a Scottsdale City Planner, to develop a planned community. This area
was the country’s largest single piece of property sold for a planned community within city limits.
Developers determined to upgrade the homes built on McCormick ranch and because of this, the Scottsdale
area has developed nicknames such as “Snobsdale” and Snottsdale” by people outside the Scottsdale area.

Santa Fe 1 is a subdivision of the McCormick Ranch planned community. There are 125 dwellings which make up the Santa Fe 1 planned community established in the early 1970s. The community is beautifully landscaped, backs to McCormick Ranch Pines and Palms Golf Course. It also provides accessibility to a 25 mile walking/jogging/biking path maintained by the City of Scottsdale. It has quick access to local shops.


[1] Wikipedia – Hohokam: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hohokam

[2] Wikipedia – Arizona: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arizona

[3] State of Arizona website: http://www.arizona.com/about_Arizona.html

[4] 50 States: http://www.50states.com/flag/azflag.htm

[5] Arizona Development Timeline: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hohokam; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arizona; http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/american-timelines/03-arizona-history-timeline.htm ; http://www.shgresources.com/az/timeline/; http://azgovernor.gov/Documents/AZSpotlight/chronology.pdf

[6] http://www.scottsdalecondos.com/index_files/Page397.htm

[7] http://www.scottsdale.world-guides.com/scottsdale_history.html

[8] How Stuff Works - Arizona: http://geography.howstuffworks.com/united-states/geography-of-arizona3.htm

[9] Flickr :   http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhaskell/2303253330/

 

Last Updated on Friday, 18 May 2012 00:39
   


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